and Vicinity

Northern Wyoming 

Backpacking

Backpacking Cloud Peak

Wildlife of the Rocky Mountains
Taxonomy & Species Profiles
Birds

Copyright © 2013 Travis N. Wood


Each species listed below has two links:

(1) The Cornell Lab of Ornithology, and
(2) The USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

While the bird species are arranged according to ITIS taxonomy, the following headings are interjected:

Migratory Birds, Game Birds, Birds of Prey:

Examples: swans, geese, ducks; grouse, pheasant, turkey; loons, grebes, pelicans, cormorants, bitterns, herons, vultures, eagles, hawks, falcons, plovers, sandpipers, gulls, terns—and related birds.

Other Non-Passerine Birds:

Examples: rails, coots, cranes; doves, pigeons; cuckoos, owls; swifts, hummingbirds; kingfishers; woodpeckers—and related birds.

Passerine Birds:

Examples: flycatchers, pewees, phoebees, kingbirds, shrikes, vireos, jays, crows, ravens, larks, swallows, chickadees, nuthatches, wrens, dippers, kinglets, bluebirds, thrushes, robins, starlings, mockingbirds, waxwings, warblers, tanagers, towhees, sparrows, juncos, longspurs, buntings, cardinals, grosbeaks, blackbirds, orioles, finches, pipits, thrushes—and related birds.
Examples: Finches, Grosbeaks, Buntings, Northern Warblers, Tanagers, Towhees & Sparrows, Blackbirds, Meadowlarks, Orioles. (Italized notes refer to alternate taxonomic systems employed at some sites.)

Migratory Birds, Game Birds, Birds of Prey etc.
Examples: swans, geese, ducks; grouse, pheasant, turkey; loons, grebes, pelicans, cormorants, bitterns, herons, vultures, eagles, hawks, falcons, plovers, sandpipers, gulls, terns—and related birds.


Kingdom Animalia—
.Phylum Chordata—
..Subphylum Vertebrata—vertebrates
...Class Aves—Birds

....Order Anseriformes—Swans, Geese, & Ducks

......Family Anatidae—Geese, & Ducks
........Genus Branta
.........Species canadensis— Canada_GooseCanada Goose
........Genus Cygnus
.........Species buccinator— Trumpeter_SwanTrumpeter Swan
........Genus Aix
.........Species sponsa— Wood_DuckWood Duck
........Genus Anas
.........Species strepera— GadwallGadwall
.........Species americana— American_WigeonAmerican Wigeon
.........Species platyrhynchos—MallardMallard
.........Species discors— Blue-winged_TealBlue-winged Teal
.........Species cyanoptera— Cinnamon_TealCinnamon Teal
.........Species clypeata— Northern_ShovelerNorthern Shoveler
.........Species acuta— Northern_PintailNorthern Pintail
.........Species crecca— Green-winged_TealGreen-winged Teal
........Genus Aythya
.........Species valisineria— CanvasbackCanvasback
.........Species americana— RedheadRedhead
.........Species collaris— Ring-necked_DuckRing-necked Duck
.........Species affinis— Lesser_ScaupLesser Scaup
........Genus Bucephala
.........Species albeola— BuffleheadBufflehead
.........Species clangula— Common_GoldeneyeCommon Goldeneye
.........Species islandica— Barrows_GoldeneyeBarrow's Goldeneye
........Genus Mergus
.........Species merganser— Common_MerganserCommon Merganser
........Genus Oxyura
.........Species jamaicensis— Ruddy_DuckRuddy Duck
........Genus Chen
.........Species caerulescens— Snow_GooseSnow Goose

....Order Galliformes—Grouse, Pheasant, Turkey, & Quail

......Family Phasianidae—Grouse
.......Subfamily Perdicinae—Francolins, Partridges
........Genus Perdix
.........Species perdix— Gray_PartridgeGray Partridge
.......Subfamily Phasianinae—Pheasants
........Genus Phasianus
.........Species colchicus— Ring-necked_PheasantRing-necked Pheasant
.......Subfamily Tetraoninae—Grouse
........Genus Bonasa
.........Species umbellus— Ruffed_GrouseRuffed Grouse
........Genus Tympanuchus
.........Species phasianellus— Sharp-tailed_GrouseSharp-tailed Grouse
.......Subfamily Meleagridinae—Turkeys
........Genus Meleagris
.........Species gallopavo— Wild_TurkeyWild Turkey

......Family Odontophoridae—New World Quails
........Genus Colinus
.........Species virginianus— Northern_BobwhiteNorthern Bobwhite

....Order Ciconiiformes—Herons, Ibis, & New World Vultures

......Family Gaviidae—Loons
........Genus Gavia
.........Species immer— Common_LoonCommon Loon

......Family Podicipedidae—Grebes
........Genus Podilymbus
.........Species podiceps— Pied-billed_GrebePied-billed Grebe
........Genus Podiceps
.........Species auritus— Horned_GrebeHorned Grebe
.........Species nigricollis— Eared_GrebeEared Grebe
........Genus Aechmophorus
.........Species occidentalis— Western_GrebeWestern Grebe
.........Species clarkii— Clarks_GrebeClark's Grebe

......Family Pelecanidae—Pelicans
........Genus Pelecanus
.........Species erythrorhynchos— American_White_PelicanAmerican White Pelican

......Family Phalacrocoracidae—Cormorants
........Genus Phalacrocorax
.........Species auritus— Double-crested_CormorantDouble-crested Cormorant

......Family Ardeidae—Herons
........Genus Botaurus
.........Species lentiginosus— American_BitternAmerican Bittern
........Genus Ardea
.........Species herodias— Great_Blue_HeronGreat Blue Heron
........Genus Casmerodius (cf. Ardea)
.........Species albus— Great_EgretGreat Egret

......Family Ciconiidae (cf. Cathartidae)—New World Vultures
........Genus Cathartes
.........Species aura— Turkey_VultureTurkey Vulture

......Family Accipitridae—Eagles, Kites, & Hawks
........Genus Pandion
.........Species haliaetus— OspreyOsprey
........Genus Haliaeetus
.........Species leucocephalus— Bald_EagleBald Eagle
........Genus Circus
.........Species cyaneus— Northern_HarrierNorthern Harrier
........Genus Accipiter
.........Species striatus— Sharp-shinned_HawkSharp-shinned Hawk
.........Species cooperii— Coopers_HawkCooper's Hawk
.........Species gentilis— Northern_GoshawkNorthern Goshawk
........Genus Buteo
.........Species platypterus— Broad-winged_HawkBroad-winged Hawk
.........Species swainsoni— Swainsons_HawkSwainson's Hawk
.........Species jamaicensis— Red-tailed_HawkRed-tailed Hawk
.........Species regalis— Ferruginous_HawkFerruginous Hawk
.........Species lagopus— Rough-legged_HawkRough-legged Hawk
........Genus Aquila
.........Species chrysaetos— Golden_EagleGolden Eagle

......Family Falconidae—Falcons
........Genus Falco
.........Species sparverius— American_KestrelAmerican Kestrel
.........Species columbarius— MerlinMerlin
.........Species rusticolus— GyrfalconGyrfalcon
.........Species peregrinus— Peregrine_FalconPeregrine Falcon
.........Species mexicanus— Prairie_FalconPrairie Falcon

......Family Charadriidae—Shorebirds, Plovers, Stilt & Avocet
........Genus Pluvialis
.........Species squatarola— Black-bellied_PloverBlack-bellied Plover
........Genus Charadrius
.........Species semipalmatus— Semipalmated_PloverSemipalmated Plover
.........Species vociferus— KilldeerKilldeer
........Genus Recurvirostra
.........Species americana— American_AvocetAmerican Avocet

......Family Scolopacidae—Sandpipers
........Genus Tringa
.........Species flavipes— Lesser_YellowlegsLesser Yellowlegs
.........Species solitaria— Solitary_SandpiperSolitary Sandpiper
.........Species melanoleuca— Greater_YellowlegsGreater Yellowlegs
........Genus Actitis
.........Species macularia— Spotted_SandpiperSpotted Sandpiper
........Genus Bartramia
.........Species longicauda— Upland_SandpiperUpland Sandpiper
........Genus Calidris
.........Species alba— SanderlingSanderling
.........Species mauri— Western_SandpiperWestern Sandpiper
.........Species minutilla— Least_SandpiperLeast Sandpiper
.........Species bairdii— Bairds_SandpiperBaird's Sandpiper
.........Species melanotos— Pectoral_SandpiperPectoral Sandpiper
.........Species himantopus— Stilt_SandpiperStilt Sandpiper
........Genus Limnodromus
.........Species scolopaceus— Long-billed_DowitcherLong-billed Dowitcher
........Genus Gallinago
.........Species gallinago— Wilsons_SnipeWilson's Snipe
........Genus Phalaropus
.........Species tricolor— Wilsons_PhalaropeWilson's Phalarope
........Genus Catoptrophorus
.........Species semipalmatus— WilletWillet
........Genus Numenius
.........Species americanus— Long-billed_CurlewLong-billed Curlew

......Family Laridae—Jaegers, Gulls & Terns
........Genus Larus
.........Species pipixcan— Franklins_GullFranklin's Gull
.........Species delawarensis— Ring-billed_GullRing-billed Gull
.........Species californicus— California_GullCalifornia Gull
.........Species philadelphia— Bonapartes_GullBonaparte's Gull
........Genus Sterna
.........Species caspia— Caspian_TernCaspian Tern
.........Species hirundo— Common_TernCommon Tern
.........Species forsteri— Forsters_TernForster's Tern
........Genus Chlidonias
.........Species niger— Black_TernBlack Tern


Other Non-Passerine Birds

Examples: rails, coots, cranes; doves, pigeons; cuckoos, owls; swifts, hummingbirds; kingfishers; woodpeckers—and related birds.


Kingdom Animalia—

.Phylum Chordata—
..Subphylum Vertebrata—vertebrates
...Class Aves—Birds (continued from Birds Page One )

....Order Gruiformes—Rails, Limpkin, & Cranes

......Family Rallidae—Rails
........Genus Rallus
.........Species limicola— Virginia_RailVirginia Rail
........Genus Porzana
.........Species carolina— SoraSora
........Genus Fulica
.........Species americana— American_CootAmerican Coot

......Family Gruidae—Cranes
........Genus Grus
.........Species canadensis— Sandhill_CraneSandhill Crane

....Order Columbiformes—Doves

......Family Columbidae
.......Subfamily Columbinae
........Genus Columba
.........Species livia— Rock_Pigeon_(Dove)Rock Pigeon (Dove)
........Genus Patagioenas (cf. Columba)
.........Species fasciata— Band-tailed_PigeonBand-tailed Pigeon
........Genus Streptopelia
.........Species decaocto— Eurasian_Collared-DoveEurasian Collared-Dove
........Genus Zenaida
.........Species macroura— Mourning_DoveMourning Dove

....Order Cuculiformes—Cuckoos, Roadrunner, & Anis
......Family Coccyzidae—Cuckoos
........Genus Coccyzus
.........Species erythropthalmus— Black-billed_CuckooBlack-billed Cuckoo
.........Species americanus— Yellow-billed_CuckooYellow-billed Cuckoo

....Order Strigiformes—Owls

.....Family Tytonidae—Barn Owls
......Subfamily Tytoninae—Barn Owls
........Genus Tyto
.........Species alba— Barn_OwlBarn Owl

......Family Strigidae—Typical Owls
.......Subfamily Striginae—Owls
........Genus Otus
.........Species flammeolus— Flammulated_OwlFlammulated Owl
........Genus Megascops (cf. Otus)
.........Species asio— Eastern_Screech-OwlEastern Screech-Owl
........Genus Bubo
.........Species virginianus— Great_Horned_OwlGreat Horned Owl
.........Species scandiacus (cf. Nyctia scandiaca)— Snowy_OwlSnowy Owl
........Genus Strix
.........Species varia— Barred_OwlBarred Owl
.......Subfamily Surniinae—
........Genus Athene
.........Species cunicularia— Burrowing_OwlBurrowing Owl
........Genus Aegolius
.........Species acadicus— Northern_Saw-whet_OwlNorthern Saw-whet Owl
.......Subfamily Asioninae—
........Genus Asio
.........Species otus— Long-eared_OwlLong-eared Owl
.........Species flammeus— Short-eared_OwlShort-eared Owl

......Family Caprimulgidae—Goatsuckers, nightjars
.......Subfamily Chordeilinae—
........Genus Chordeiles
.........Species minor— Common_NighthawkCommon Nighthawk
.......Subfamily Caprimulginae
........Genus Phalaenoptilus
.........Species nuttallii— Common_PoorwillCommon Poorwill

....Order Apodiformes—Swifts & Hummingbirds

......Family Apodidae—Swifts
.......Subfamily Apodinae—
........Genus Chaetura
.........Species pelagica— Chimney_SwiftChimney Swift
........Genus Aeronautes
.........Species saxatalis— White-throated_SwiftWhite-throated Swift

......Family Trochilidae—Hummingbirds
.......Subfamily Trochilinae—Hummingbirds
........Genus Stellula
.........Species calliope— Calliope_HummingbirdCalliope Hummingbird
........Genus Selasphorus
.........Species platycercus— Broad-tailed_HummingbirdBroad-tailed Hummingbird
.........Species rufus— Rufous_HummingbirdRufous Hummingbird
........Genus Archilochus
.........Species colubris— Ruby-throated_HummingbirdRuby-throated Hummingbird

....Order Coraciiformes—Kingfishers
......Family Alcedinidae—Kingfishers
.......Subfamily Cerylinae
........Genus Megaceryle (cf. Ceryle)
.........Species alcyon— Belted_KingfisherBelted Kingfisher

....Order Piciformes—Woodpeckers
......Family Picidae—Woodpeckers
.......Subfamily Picinae—Woodpeckers
........Genus Melanerpes
.........Species lewis— Lewiss_WoodpeckerLewis's Woodpecker
.........Species erythrocephalus— Red-headed_WoodpeckerRed-headed Woodpecker
........Genus Sphyrapicus
.........Species nuchalis— Red-naped_SapsuckerRed-naped Sapsucker
........Genus Picoides
.........Species pubescens— Downy_WoodpeckerDowny Woodpecker
.........Species villosus— Hairy_WoodpeckerHairy Woodpecker
.........Species tridactylus— Three-toed_WoodpeckerThree-toed Woodpecker
.........Species arcticus— Black-backed_WoodpeckerBlack-backed Woodpecker
........Genus Colaptes
.........Species auratus— Northern_FlickerNorthern Flicker


Passerine Birds

Examples: flycatchers, pewees, phoebees, kingbirds, shrikes, vireos, jays, crows, ravens, larks, swallows, chickadees, nuthatches, wrens, dippers, kinglets, bluebirds, thrushes, robins, starlings, mockingbirds, waxwings—and related birds.


...Order Passeriformes—Perching Birds

......Family Tyrannidae—Tyrant Flycatchers
........Genus Contopus—Pewees
.........Species cooperi— Olive-sided_FlycatcherOlive-sided Flycatcher
.........Species sordidulus— Western_Wood-PeweeWestern Wood-Pewee
........Genus Empidonax
.........Species traillii— Willow_FlycatcherWillow Flycatcher
.........Species minimus— Least_FlycatcherLeast Flycatcher
.........Species hammondii— Hammonds_FlycatcherHammond's Flycatcher
.........Species oberholseri— Dusky_FlycatcherDusky Flycatcher
.........Species occidentalis— Cordilleran_FlycatcherCordilleran Flycatcher
........Genus Sayornis
.........Species phoebe— Eastern_PhoebeEastern Phoebe
.........Species saya— Says_PhoebeSay's Phoebe
........Genus Myiarchus
.........Species crinitus— Great_Crested_FlycatcherGreat Crested Flycatcher
........Genus Tyrannus
.........Species vociferans— Cassins_KingbirdCassin's Kingbird
.........Species verticalis— Western_KingbirdWestern Kingbird
.........Species tyrannus— Eastern_KingbirdEastern Kingbird

......Family Laniidae—Shrikes
........Genus Lanius
.........Species ludovicianus— Loggerhead_ShrikeLoggerhead Shrike
.........Species excubitor— Northern_ShrikeNorthern Shrike

......Family Vireonidae—Vireos
........Genus Vireo
.........Species bellii— Bells_VireoBell's Vireo
.........Species plumbeus— Plumbeous_VireoPlumbeous Vireo
.........Species gilvus— Warbling_VireoWarbling Vireo
.........Species olivaceus— Red-eyed_VireoRed-eyed Vireo
.........Species solitarius— Blue-headed_VireoBlue-headed Vireo

......Family Corvidae—Jays & Crows
........Genus Perisoreus
.........Species canadensis— Gray_JayGray Jay
........Genus Cyanocitta
.........Species cristata— Blue_JayBlue Jay
........Genus Gymnorhinus
.........Species cyanocephalus— Pinyon_JayPinyon Jay
........Genus Nucifraga
.........Species columbiana— Clarks_NutcrackerClark's Nutcracker
........Genus Pica
.........Species pica
..........Subspecies hudsonia— Black-billed_MagpieBlack-billed Magpie
........Genus Corvus
.........Species brachyrhynchos— American_CrowAmerican Crow
.........Species corax— Common_RavenCommon Raven

......Family Alaudidae—Larks
........Genus Eremophila
.........Species alpestris— Horned_LarkHorned Lark

......Family Hirundinidae—Swallows
........Genus Tachycineta
.........Species bicolor— Tree_SwallowTree Swallow
.........Species thalassina— Violet-green_SwallowViolet-green Swallow
........Genus Stelgidopteryx
.........Species serripennis— Northern_Rough-winged_SwallowNorthern Rough-winged Swallow
........Genus Riparia
.........Species riparia— Bank_SwallowBank Swallow
........Genus Petrochelidon
.........Species pyrrhonota— Cliff_SwallowCliff Swallow
........Genus Hirundo
.........Species rustica— Barn_SwallowBarn Swallow

......Family Paridae—Chickadees & Titmice
........Genus Poecile (cf. Parus)
.........Species atricapillus (cf. atricapilla)— Black-capped_ChickadeeBlack-capped Chickadee
.........Species gambeli— Mountain_ChickadeeMountain Chickadee

......Family Sittidae—Nuthatches
........Genus Sitta
.........Species canadensis— Red-breasted_NuthatchRed-breasted Nuthatch
.........Species carolinensis— White-breasted_NuthatchWhite-breasted Nuthatch
.........Species pygmaea— Pygmy_NuthatchPygmy Nuthatch

......Family Certhiidae—Creepers, Gnatcatchers
........Genus Certhia
.........Species americana— Brown_CreeperBrown Creeper
........Genus Polioptila
.........Species caerulea— Blue-gray_GnatcatcherBlue-gray Gnatcatcher
........Genus Salpinctes
.........Species obsoletus— Rock_WrenRock Wren
........Genus Catherpes
.........Species mexicanus— Canyon_WrenCanyon Wren
........Genus Troglodytes
.........Species aedon— House_WrenHouse Wren
.........Species troglodytes— Winter_WrenWinter Wren
........Genus Cistothorus
.........Species palustris— Marsh_WrenMarsh Wren

......Family Cinclidae—Dipper
........Genus Cinclus
.........Species mexicanus— American_DipperAmerican Dipper

......Family Regulidae—Kinglets
........Genus Regulus
.........Species satrapa— Golden-crowned_KingletGolden-crowned Kinglet
.........Species calendula— Ruby-crowned_KingletRuby-crowned Kinglet

......Family Muscicapidae (cf. Turdidae)—Old World Flycatchers, Thrushes
........Genus Sialia
.........Species sialis— Eastern_BluebirdEastern Bluebird
.........Species currucoides— Mountain_BluebirdMountain Bluebird
........Genus Myadestes
.........Species townsendi— Townsends_SolitaireTownsend's Solitaire
........Genus Catharus
.........Species fuscescens— VeeryVeery
.........Species ustulatus— Swainsons_ThrushSwainson's Thrush
.........Species guttatus— Hermit_ThrushHermit Thrush
........Genus Turdus
.........Species migratorius— American_RobinAmerican Robin

......Family Sturnidae—Starling, Mockingbirds, & Thrashers
........Genus Dumetella
.........Species carolinensis— Gray_CatbirdGray Catbird
........Genus Mimus
.........Species polyglottos— Northern_MockingbirdNorthern Mockingbird
........Genus Oreoscoptes
.........Species montanus— Sage_ThrasherSage Thrasher
........Genus Toxostoma
.........Species rufum— Brown_ThrasherBrown Thrasher
........Genus Sturnus
.........Species vulgaris— European_StarlingEuropean Starling

......Family Bombycillidae—Waxwings
........Genus Bombycilla
.........Species garrulus— Bohemian_WaxwingBohemian Waxwing
.........Species cedrorum— Cedar_WaxwingCedar Waxwing


Finches and Allies
Examples:Finches, Grosbeaks, Buntings, Northern Warblers, Tanagers, Towhees & Sparrows, Blackbirds, Meadowlarks, Orioles. (Italized notes refer to alternate taxonomic systems employed at some sites.)

......Family Fringillidae—Finches, Grosbeaks, Buntings, Northern Warblers, Tanagers, Towhees & Sparrows, Blackbirds, Meadowlarks, Orioles. (Italized notes refer to former taxonomic systems still employed at some sites.)

......Family Fringillidae, (cf. Family Parulidae)—Warblers
........Genus Vermivora
.........Species chrysoptera— Golden-winged_WarblerGolden-winged Warbler
.........Species peregrina— Tennessee_WarblerTennessee Warbler
.........Species celata— Orange-crowned_WarblerOrange-crowned Warbler
.........Species virginiae— Nashville_WarblerVirginia's Warbler
........Genus Parula
.........Species americana— Northern_ParulaNorthern Parula
........Genus Oporornis (cf. Dendroica)—Mourning Warbler
.........Species philadelphia— Mourning_WarblerMourning Warbler
.........Species tolmiei— MacGillivrays_WarblerMacGillivray's Warbler
........Genus Wilsonia (cf. Dendroica)
.........Species citrina— Hooded_WarblerHooded Warbler
.........Species pusilla— Wilsons_WarblerWilson's Warbler
........Genus Dendroica—Northern Warblers
.........Species petechia— Yellow_WarblerYellow Warbler
.........Species pensylvanica— Chestnut-sided_WarblerChestnut-sided Warbler
.........Species townsendi— Townsends_WarblerTownsend's Warbler
.........Species fusca— Blackburnian_WarblerBlackburnian Warbler
.........Species palmarum— Palm_WarblerPalm Warbler
.........Species magnolia— Magnolia_WarblerMagnolia Warbler
.........Species caerulescens— Black-throated_Blue_WarblerBlack-throated Blue Warbler
.........Species coronata— Yellow-rumped_WarblerYellow-rumped Warbler
.........Species striata— Blackpoll_WarblerBlackpoll Warbler
........Genus Mniotilta
.........Species varia— Black-and-white_WarblerBlack-and-white Warbler
........Genus Setophaga
.........Species ruticilla— American_RedstartAmerican Redstart
........Genus Seiurus
.........Species aurocapillus— OvenbirdOvenbird
.........Species noveboracensis— Northern_WaterthrushNorthern Waterthrush
........Genus Geothlypis
.........Species trichas— Common_YellowthroatCommon Yellowthroat
........Genus Icteria
.........Species virens— Yellow-breasted_ChatYellow-breasted Chat

......Family Fringillidae continued, (cf. Family Thraupidae)—Tanagers
........Genus Piranga
.........Species olivacea— Scarlet_TanagerScarlet Tanager
.........Species ludoviciana— Western_TanagerWestern Tanager

......Family Fringillidae continued, (cf. Family Emberizidae)—Towhees & Sparrows
........Genus Pipilo
.........Species erythrophthalmus— Rufous-Sided_TowheeRufous-Sided Towhee
.........Species maculatus— Spotted_TowheeSpotted Towhee
........Genus Spizella
.........Species arborea— American_Tree_SparrowAmerican Tree Sparrow
.........Species passerina— Chipping_SparrowChipping Sparrow
.........Species pallida— Clay-colored_SparrowClay-colored Sparrow
.........Species breweri— Brewers_SparrowBrewer's Sparrow
.........Species pusilla— Field_SparrowField Sparrow
........Genus Pooecetes
.........Species gramineus— Vesper_SparrowVesper Sparrow
........Genus Chondestes
.........Species grammacus— Lark_SparrowLark Sparrow
........Genus Calamospiza
.........Species melanocorys— Lark_BuntingLark Bunting
........Genus Passerculus
.........Species sandwichensis— Savannah_SparrowSavannah Sparrow
........Genus Ammodramus
.........Species savannarum— Grasshopper_SparrowGrasshopper Sparrow
.........Species bairdii— Bairds_SparrowBaird's Sparrow
........Genus Passerella
.........Species iliaca— Fox_SparrowFox Sparrow
........Genus Melospiza
.........Species melodia— Song_SparrowSong Sparrow
.........Species lincolnii— Lincolns_SparrowLincoln's Sparrow
........Genus Zonotrichia
.........Species albicollis— White-throated_SparrowWhite-throated Sparrow
.........Species querula— Harriss_SparrowHarris's Sparrow
.........Species leucophrys— White-crowned_SparrowWhite-crowned Sparrow
........Genus Junco
.........Species hyemalis— Dark-eyed_JuncoDark-eyed Junco
........Genus Calcarius
.........Species mccownii— McCowns_LongspurMcCown's Longspur
.........Species lapponicus— Lapland_LongspurLapland Longspur
.........Species ornatus— Chestnut-collared_LongspurChestnut-collared Longspur
........Genus Plectrophenax
.........Species nivalis— Snow_BuntingSnow Bunting

......Family Fringillidae continued, (cf. Family Cardinalidae)—Grosbeaks & Buntings
........Genus Cardinalis
.........Species cardinalis— Northern_CardinalNorthern Cardinal
........Genus Pheucticus
.........Species ludovicianus— Rose-breasted_GrosbeakRose-breasted Grosbeak
.........Species melanocephalus— Black-headed_GrosbeakBlack-headed Grosbeak
........Genus Guiraca
.........Species caerulea— Blue_GrosbeakBlue Grosbeak
........Genus Passerina
.........Species amoena— Lazuli_BuntingLazuli Bunting
.........Species cyanea— Indigo_BuntingIndigo Bunting
........Genus Spiza
.........Species americana— DickcisselDickcissel

......Family Fringillidae continued, (cf. Family Icteridae)—Blackbirds & Orioles
........Genus Dolichonyx
.........Species oryzivorus— BobolinkBobolink
........Genus Agelaius
.........Species phoeniceus— Red-winged_BlackbirdRed-winged Blackbird
........Genus Sturnella
.........Species neglecta— Western_MeadowlarkWestern Meadowlark
........Genus Xanthocephalus
.........Species xanthocephalus— Yellow-headed_BlackbirdYellow-headed Blackbird
........Genus Euphagus
.........Species carolinus— Rusty_BlackbirdRusty Blackbird
.........Species cyanocephalus— Brewers_BlackbirdBrewer's Blackbird
........Genus Quiscalus
.........Species quiscula— Common_GrackleCommon Grackle
........Genus Molothrus
.........Species ater— Brown-headed_CowbirdBrown-headed Cowbird
........Genus Icterus
.........Species spurius— Orchard_OrioleOrchard Oriole
.........Species bullockii— Bullocks_OrioleBullock's Oriole
.........Species galbula— Baltimore_OrioleBaltimore Oriole

......Family Fringillidae continued, (cf. Family Fringillidae)—Finches
........Genus Leucosticte
.........Species tephrocotis— Gray-crowned_Rosy-FinchGray-crowned Rosy-Finch
........Genus Pinicola
.........Species enucleator— Pine_GrosbeakPine Grosbeak
........Genus Carpodacus
.........Species purpureus— Purple_FinchPurple Finch
.........Species cassinii— Cassins_FinchCassin's Finch
.........Species mexicanus— House_FinchHouse Finch
........Genus Loxia
.........Species curvirostra— Red_CrossbillRed Crossbill
.........Species leucoptera— White-winged_CrossbillWhite-winged Crossbill
........Genus Carduelis
.........Species flammea— Common_RedpollCommon Redpoll
.........Species pinus— Pine_SiskinPine Siskin
.........Species psaltria— Lesser_GoldfinchLesser Goldfinch
.........Species tristis— American_GoldfinchAmerican Goldfinch
........Genus Coccothraustes
.........Species vespertinus— Evening_GrosbeakEvening Grosbeak

......Family Passeridae (cf. Motacillidae)—Old World Sparrows, Wagtails & Pipits
........Genus Passer
.........Species domesticus— House_SparrowHouse Sparrow
........Genus Anthus
.........Species rubescens— American_PipitAmerican Pipit
.........Species spragueii— Spragues_PipitSprague's Pipit

.....Suborder Oscines—
......Family Turdidae—Thrushes
........Genus Ixoreus
.........Species naevius— Varied_ThrushVaried Thrush


Which Species are Included?

There are so many resources available to active birders that we will not even begin to compete with those resources here. Our purpose is to put taxonomy up front rather than as a footnote hidden on back pages of a book or remote web sources. As with mammals and fish species, we are not content with merely genus and species. We wish from the outset to have an idea of larger groupings such as families and orders.

Through nowhere close to an exhaustive list, the birds listed here represent about 268 birds that may be found in the Northern Rocky Mountains. The list includes a variety from rare visitors to the more common residents. Naming conventions are generally derived from the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) employed by the United States Department of Agriculture and other federal agencies.

The presence of those birds in the Rockies is derived from various bird lists of state and recreation areas. And each species includes two links from the common name. The first link is to Cornell Lab of Ornithology, and the second is to the USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter. We'd also recommend the Peterson Bird Guide linked below.

Taxonomy has always been a work in progress. That is especially so today. Lists such as this are no exception. Without a doubt, some species have been neglected here. Nomenclature structure is inherently conservative, accepting changes slowly. Were that not true, older field guides would become difficult to decipher. Occasionally in these pages, the reader will see in parentheses the abbreviation "cf." followed by a taxonomic name. The purpose is to "compare" different taxonomic names, which may appear in slightly different taxonomic structures.


For more information:

Peterson Bird Identifications
WhatBird Identification Guide

Cornell University Bird Guide

USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter

Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS

Animal Diversity Web on Birds

Biology Base Birds of Wyoming

Bird Nature-com on Bird Families

Wyoming State List of Birds

Sibley and Monroe World List

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Checklists by State

Wind Cave National Park Bird List

Northern State University

Devil's Tower Bird List

Images of Wild Birds by Richard Ditch

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